Tomaschitz, R. (2016). The stationary non-equilibrium plasma of cosmic-ray electrons and positrons, Physica A 451, 456-464, DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2016.01.091
Abstract (ScienceDirect, SAO/NASA ADS)
The statistical properties of the two-component plasma of cosmic-ray electrons and positrons measured by the AMS-02 experiment on the International Space Station and the HESS array of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes are analyzed. Stationary non-equilibrium distributions defining the relativistic electron-positron plasma are derived semi-empirically by performing spectral fits to the flux data and reconstructing the spectral number densities of the electronic and positronic components in phase space. These distributions are relativistic power-law densities with exponential cutoff, admitting an extensive entropy variable and converging to the Maxwell-Boltzmann or Fermi-Dirac distributions in the non-relativistic limit. Cosmic-ray electrons and positrons constitute a classical (low-density high-temperature) plasma due to the low fugacity in the quantized partition function. The positron fraction is assembled from the flux densities inferred from least-squares fits to the electron and positron spectra and is subjected to test by comparing with the AMS-02 flux ratio measured in the GeV interval. The calculated positron fraction extends to TeV energies, predicting a broad spectral peak at about 1 TeV followed by exponential decay.
05.20.Gg Classical ensemble theory
05.30.Fk Fermion systems and electron gas
52.27.Ny Relativistic plasmas
52.27.Ep Electron-positron plasmas
52.25.Kn Thermodynamics of plasmas
98.70.Sa Cosmic rays
description: Roman Tomaschitz (2016) The stationary non-equilibrium plasma of cosmic-ray electrons and positrons, Physica A 451, 456.
Keywords: Stationary non-equilibrium distributions; Cosmic-ray electron-positron plasma; Relativistic statistical ensembles; Power-law densities with exponential cutoff; Nonthermal ensemble averaging; Classical & quantum partitions with extensive entropy
The thermodynamic variables of the cosmic-ray electron-positron plasma are calculated.
Spectral fits to the AMS-02 and HESS GeV-TeV electron and positron fluxes are performed.
A semi-empirical phase-space reconstruction of the partial probability densities is carried out.
Partition function & entropy of a relativistic plasma in stationary non-equilibrium are derived.
The positron fraction extrapolated to TeV energies shows a broad spectral peak & exponential decay.